ASSIST as a Research Framework for High-performance Grid Programming Environments
ASSIST (A Software development System based upon Integrated Skeleton Technology) is a programming environment oriented to the development of parallel and distributed high-performance applications according to a unified approach. The language and implementation features of ASSIST are a result of our long-term research in parallel programming models and tools. ASSIST is evolving towards programming environments for high-performance complex enabling platforms, especially Grids. In this paper, we show how ASSIST can act as a valid research vehicle to study, experiment and realize Grid-aware programming environments for high-performance applications. Special emphasis is put on the innovative methodologies, strategies and tools for dynamically adaptive applications, that represent the necessary step for the success of Grid platforms.
First we discuss the conceptual framework for Grid-aware programming environments, based upon structured parallel programming and components technology, anticipating how ASSIST possesses the essential features required by such framework. Then we summarize the ASSIST programming model, showing its evolution, along the line of structured parallel programming, to solve critical problems of expressive power, flexibility, interoperability and efficiency; some examples, both of kernels and of complex applications, are used to point out the ASSIST features. The modular compiler model and the current implementation for heterogeneous platforms and Globus-based Grids are illustrated. We show the features that allow ASSIST programs to be used in CORBA infrastructures, that represents our basic starting point towards interoperability in Grid applications. Finally, the presentation of all the previous issues is used to derive an ASSIST-based model for supporting dynamically adaptive applications.